Autoimmune thyroid disease
Autoimmune thyroid disease is a condition in which the immune system attack the body’s thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a small gland which is situated at the front of the neck. When the immune system attacks the body’s thyroid gland, the thyroid gland becomes chronically inflamed and decreases the production of thyroid hormones. These thyroid hormones are used almost everywhere in the body, so the autoimmune thyroid disease can spread and have serious effects and symptoms.
Autoimmune thyroid diseases are generally hereditary in origin, but sometimes environmental factors can play a role in their cause. Autoimmune thyroid disease is more common in women than in men, and it mostly affects people who are in the age group of 40 to 60. Your chances of getting autoimmune thyroid disease increases, if you have other autoimmune diseases.
If you are suffering from mild autoimmune thyroid disease, then you may not get any symptoms. But if your condition is serious then it can lead to gland enlargement. As time passes the thyroid may suffer more damage. Symptoms can be fatigue, weight gain, body ache, depression and lethargy.
Autoimmune thyroid disease may not always require treatment. For those who experience painful symptoms, treatment is a must and the treatment is mostly in the form of synthetic thyroid hormones. Generally, this disease progresses slowly and can remain stable for many years without any complications. You need to visit the doctor if you experience any symptom such as depression or unexplained weight gain.
Autoimmune liver disease
Autoimmune liver disease means that the body’s immune system attacks the liver. Autoimmune liver disease can be the cause of liver disorders. The most common autoimmune liver diseases are autoimmune hepatitis and primary biliary cirrhosis.
The symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis are:
Cessation of menses
A larger abdomen due to large liver and spleen
Spider-like blood vessels in the skin
Pale or gray-colored stools
The symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis can resemble other medical conditions or problems. So you should always consult your doctor for a diagnosis. The treatment of autoimmune liver disease will be determined by your doctor based on your age, and overall health. The extent of the disease; how you tolerate certain medications; and your opinions or preference are also taken into consideration by the doctor before the treatment can begin. The goal of the treatment is only to get rid of the symptoms. If an individual develops liver failure because of autoimmune liver disease, then a liver transplant may be considered.
In primary biliary cirrhosis the liver’s bile ducts are destroyed. So one needs to take immediate treatment in this condition, before the symptoms become worse.