Pneumonia is a lung invective disease which reportedly increases the illness and death risk of maternal as well as fetus in case if it happens to the mother during her pregnancy. Around the whole world today it has become a prominent reason for maternal death.
However along with the advent of some of the best pneumonia antibiotics the maternal mortality rate has been decreasing but still is a problem that is needed a concern for the common man.
Shortness of breath, fever and the cough are most common symptoms of happening pneumonia in a woman during her pregnancy.
The other alteration that was found is the change in the cellular immunity of the mother during her pregnancy if at the same time she is also suffering from pneumonia. These changes in the cellular immunity were mainly due to the fact that the immune system of the body of woman wants to save the life of the fetus from all the possible threat of pneumonia. Cortisol, alpha-fetoprotein, human chorionic gonadotropin and the progesterone are the major hormones that start coming out in the women during pregnancy if she suffers from pneumonia. This is also basically done by the mother’s body to protect the fetus being cared in the womb.
How pneumonia affecting the children
The pneumonia is a type of disease which causes the infection in the parts of body of human called lungs. This is mainly called by the bacteria or viruses which occur when they are inhaled in to the lungs and get collected in sacs.
Sometime it may also be caused by the parasites or fungus. Sometime if children inhale the foreign objects like stomach acid or various foods then also the chances are high that the children may suffer from the pneumonia attack.
Breathing secondhand smoke, premature birth, some genetic disorders like asthma, heart defects like VSD or ASD or PDAs, weak or compromised immune system, the dust particles on sending time with a crowd and the poor nutrition are the major reasons that are causing pneumonia in children.
The signs and symptoms are given below
• Cough along with the green mucus
• Loos movement of bowels
• Poor or no appetite
• Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breathing
• Bluish or pale toenails, fingernails and lips
It is the sputum culture, chest x-ray and blood tests through which the pneumonia can easily be diagnosed in children. The antibiotics are the main treatment method for the children of pneumonia however sometime oxygen is also given to the children if needed.